What is already known:
What this study adds:
Inspired by the Silk Road, China’s President, Xi Jinping, established the Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) in 2013. The BRI, consisting of six economic corridors, connects China with other countries to improve inter- national trade, financial integration, and prosperity. The China-Central Asia-West Asia Economic Corridor (CCAWAEC) focuses on establishing numerous transportation and other infrastructure projects and provides a land bridge to enhance and increase trading to Europe. Many countries in Central Asia, such as Kazakhstan, have benefited from the initiative to view a rise in economic growth and infrastructure enhancements. Rapid urbanization and economic growth have deteriorated agricultural land and increased population health vulnerabilities. Based on satellite-derived data, the dynamics and changes of land cover over the past 25 years were outlined along with the causes. It was initially concluded that with the initiation of BRI, cropland decreased while barren land increased. After further investigation, the shift of urbanization from Central Almaty to Northwest Almaty, cropland has begun to increase while barren land fell. However, urbanization is still considered a threat to agricultural land and water availability.